Pantalica, or rather the ancient center of Syracuse, is a natural and archaeological localities of the province of Syracuse.

An open casket that preserves extraordinary testimonies of the past.

In 2005 the site was awarded, along with the city of Syracuse, the title of World Heritage Site by UNESCO for its high historical, archaeological, caving and landscape.

Human settlement occurred around the thirteenth century BC, the time when the Sicilian populations, under the pressure of Siculi, Musoni etc. They abandoned the coasts to settle on damaged and inaccessible heights.

The tombs of the necropolis north and northwest from the Bronze Age (XI-XIII BC), while those exposed to the south are, for the most part, from the Iron Age (IX-VIII BC).

From the Byzantine period the remains of four rocky villages and three churches.

The end of civilization Pantalica occurred following the Arab invasion (IX sec.d.C.).